Mahatma Gandhi, Nonviolent Mass Action, and the Indian Independence Movement
— Using a Film Clip from A Force More Powerful
Subject: World History and Culture - India; Nonviolence; Mahatma Gandhi;
Ages: 12+: Midlle and High School Levels;
Length: Film Clip: 25 minutes; Lesson: Two 45-55 minute class periods.
Adaptation of the Complete Snippet Lesson Plan
Learner Outcomes/Objectives: Students will learn about Mahatma Gandhi, the development of nonviolent mass action, and the Indian movement for independence. Students will retain strong mental images of Gandhi and the origins of nonviolent mass action.
Rationale: Knowledge of nonviolent mass action and of the Indian independence movement is important for any student of modern world history.
Description of the Film Clip: This is the second segment of the documentary, A Force More Powerful. The film describes six occasions in which nonviolent mass action changed governments or promoted social reform.
USING THE FILM CLIP IN THE CLASSROOM
1. Review the film clip and to make sure it is suitable for the class.
2. Review this Guide and decide how much of the extensive Supplemental Materials (available to TWM subscribers) to provide to the class. Also determine which discussion questions suggested by TWM to pose to the class. Decide whether to present the Supplemental Materials through direct instruction or to give students TWM'S "Handout Relating to the Nashville Sit-ins" (provided to subscribers). Decide whether to give students TWM's comprehension test for this lesson plan. Modify the handout and the comprehension test, if necessary, for the particular needs of the class.
3. Cue the DVD to the beginning of the film clip and assemble all printed materials to be handed out to the class.
Step by Step
1. Introduce the lesson by telling the class that: (1) the film will be a documentary about Mahatma Gandhi, the movement for independence in India, and nonviolent mass action; and (2) the U.S. Civil Rights Movement adapted the tactics developed by Mr. Gandh to press for equality for black Americans. Put the demonstrations in context with other historical events that the class has been studying or will study in the future. Warn students that they will have a comprehension test on the contents of the snippet and the handout which they will receive after the film is completed.
2. Play the film clip. The section on Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian Independence Movement is the second segment of the film and lasts about 25 minutes.
3. After playing the film clip, present the Supplemental Materials through direct instruction or by having the class read TWM's handout "Handout on the Rise of Nonviolent Mass Action."
4. Select the discussion questions to review. See the Discussion Questions section of the complete Snippet Lesson Plan.
[The complete Snippet Lesson Plan provides extensive supplemental materials, background information, assignments, and a comprehension test.]
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