THE YEAR THE EARTH CHANGED

SUBJECTS — The Environment;

SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL LEARNING — Surviving;

MORAL-ETHICAL EMPHASIS — Respect;

AGE; Rated PG, age 8+;

2021; 48 minutes; Color. Available on Apple TV.

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MOVIE WORKSHEETS & STUDENT HANDOUTS

TWM offers a worksheet for students to review before seeing the film and then to fill out after they have watched the movie. While not required for the lesson plan, teachers may want to review it. See Film Study Worksheet for a Documentary Seeking to Persuade the Viewer On a Matter of Political or Social Significance.

DESCRIPTION

In this documentary naturalist-filmmaker David Attenborough shows one of the few positive effects of the Covid-19 pandemic: unexpected ways non-human animal species have temporarily improved their lives during the shutdowns.  The period covered starts in March 2020 with the WHO declaration of the pandemic and it ends a year later.  The locations span five continents. The photography is excellent and at times breath-taking.  The film also mentions some positive changes already being made or that can be made to help both animals and humans thrive.

SELECTED AWARDS & CAST

Cast:  David Attenborough

Director:  Tom Beard

Awards:  None, yet.

BENEFITS OF THE MOVIE

The movie provides an interesting look at the pervasive human footprint on the world and its effect on other animals. It shows the interrelatedness and resilience of animal species. It provides an opportunity to discuss the environmental catastrophe barrelling down on us if human societies don’t find sustainable ways of living in cooperation with other animal species and plant life.

The film is an excellent accompaniment for Earth Day observances in 2021 and perhaps later years. Educators interested in this topic should investigate: David Attenborough: A Life on Our Planet and Cowspiracy The Sustainability Secret.

POSSIBLE PROBLEMS

None.

PARENTING POINTS

Watch the film with your children. Read magazine articles or books, or watch other films about the environmental crisis. Our favorites are Babe (ages 5 -8); Fly Away Home (ages 10+), Cowspiracy: The Sustainability Secret (ages 13+), and David Attenborough: A Life on Our Planet (ages 9+). Then give your children one or several ways to help reduce or correct environmental degradation.

USING THE MOVIE IN THE CLASSROOM

Teachers can select one of the short subjects featured on the website for David Attenborough: A Life on Our Planet.

How to Save our Planet 8:07;

Five Steps to Help Save Our Planet 25 seconds;

A Reason for Hope 2:45;

Our Changing Planet 1:05;

How to Save our High Seas 8:27;

How to Save our Grasslands 8:36; and

How to Save Our Jungles 8:24.

 

The Five Steps to Help Save Our Planet outlined by Mr. Attenborough are:

1. Make your diet as plant-based as possible;
2. Shop for sustainable fish and meat;
3. Switch to a clean energy provider;
4. Choose deforestation-free palm oil products; and
5. Buy wood and paper from well-managed forests.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1. Winston Churchill the great leader of Britain during WW II said, “Never let a good crisis go to waste.” How can we make use of the crisis of the Covid-19 Pandemic? Give at least one specific application.

Suggested Response:

There is no one correct answer.

 

 

2. Is it possible for people and other animals to coexist without having an impact on another species?

Suggested Response:

The important concept to get across is that it is almost impossible for human beings to exist without having an effect in some way – for better or for worse on other species. For example, the global warming caused by the release of CO2 and methane into the atmosphere affects the species living the arctic and Antarctic.

 

 

3. Why do we care if human beings cause a species of animals to go extinct?

Suggested Response:

There is an ethical and environmental response.

 

Ethical Response:

The ethical response is a question: Who are we (human beings) to say what species should live or die out? While we may have a personal allegiance to the homo sapiens species, can we really say that humans are so much more valuable than any other animal that we have the right to destroy another species? Also, what right do we have to destroy part of God’s creation? (Teachers will need to be careful in discussing questions that bring up religious issues. Always tell students that if they have questions, they should go to their parents or religious leader for answers.) However, educators can respectfully suggest that in the Judeo/Christian religions, mankind was given “dominion” over the other animals. Genesis 1:26. Teachers can suggest that under Judeo/Christian ethics, great power imposes great responsibility and we have an obligation to care for what we have dominion over.

 

Environmental Response:

While the loss of a minor species on a continent far away may not have much of an impact on our lives, it degrades the environment and, eventually, when the extinctions reach a species close to us there will be major impacts.

 

 

4. What are some of the ways in which everyday people can contribute to the effort to save the planet?

Suggested Response:

The possibilities are almost endless. See Mr. Attenborough’s Five Steps. Also, each person can do something almost every day. Also, we can simply consume less and more sustainably. From driving less to refraining from purchasing new clothes when the fashion changes, to adopting a plant-based diet. A family can downsize by having one car instead of two (the environmental cost of producing one care is immense). A family can contribute by purchasing a smaller house, by running the air conditioning less often or at a higher temperature, or by running a heater less often or at a lower temperature.

ASSIGNMENTS, PROJECTS & ACTIVITIES

1. Discussion questions are often good essay topics.

 

2. Have students select a practical way in which they can help stop environmental degradation such as cleaning plastic and other debris from a beach. Younger children can help by asking their parents not to buy them the newest plastic toy. The problems are immense but there are billions of people and if we all work toward cleaning up the earth we can have a real effect.

 

3. Students can find and share their favorite websites designed to help people stop environmental degradation.

CCSS ANCHOR STANDARDS

Multimedia: Anchor Standard #7 for Reading (for both ELA classes and for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Classes). (The three Anchor Standards read: “Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media, including visually and quantitatively as well as in words.”) CCSS pp. 35 & 60. See also Anchor Standard # 2 for ELA Speaking and Listening, CCSS pg. 48.

Reading: Anchor Standards #s 1, 2, 7 and 8 for Reading and related standards (for both ELA classes and for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Classes). CCSS pp. 35 & 60.

Writing: Anchor Standards #s 1 – 5 and 7- 10 for Writing and related standards (for both ELA classes and for History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Classes). CCSS pp. 41 & 63.

Speaking and Listening: Anchor Standards #s 1 – 3 (for ELA classes). CCSS pg. 48.

Not all assignments reach all Anchor Standards. Teachers are encouraged to review the specific standards to make sure that over the term all standards are met.

BRIDGES TO READING

LINKS TO THE INTERNET

BIBLIOGRAPHY

This Learning Guide was written by James A. Frieden. It was published on April 18, 2021

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